SOUTHERN BUSH DUIKER (Sylvicapra grimmia grimmia)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 4½” (11.43 cm)
SCI: 11 points

Track:
1 5/8“(41 mm) x 7/8” (23 mm)

Average mass:
33 lb (15 kg)

Average shoulder height:
25” (63 cm)

Record:
7 1/8” (18.11 cm)
19 1/8 points

Distribution

Throughout Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, the Republic of South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Identification

A black stripe on the snout, from the forehead to the nose.

Differences between male and female:

Only the male has horns. The female is slightly larger than the male.

Habitat

Prefer woodland with sufficient undergrowth and thickets. Important requirements are thickets, shrubs or tall grass on which it feeds and in which it takes shelter when in danger and to rest. Avoid open woodland, short grass veld and dense mountain or coastal forests. Independent of water.

Habits

Solitary, except during the mating season. Forage in the early morning and late afternoon until after dark. The Southern bush duiker seems to be active for longer periods on cool, cloudy days. They tend to be more nocturnal outside of conservation areas. Lie down in dense shelter underneath shrubs or in tall grass during the hottest part of the day to rest. Wait until the last moment before running away, head down and with characteristic jumping and swerving movements. Acute sense of smell and sight.

Food

Leaves, small branches, fruit, flowers, seed and vegetables. Seldom drinks water.

Vocalization

A nasal snort as an alarm call. Loud scream when in danger.

Breeding

One (seldom two) young born at any time throughout the year, after a gestation period of approximately 3 months.

Age

The average lifespan of the Southern bush duiker is approximately 10 years.