Zimbabwe (Limpopo river and tributaries), the Republic of South Africa and Mozambique
A timid medium-sized antelope. Dark, reddish-brown with white spots on the buttocks, against the legs and also at the base of the neck and against the throat.
The female has no horns. It is smaller and lighter than the male.
Prefers riverine forests or other types of dense thickets near perennial water. May move in summer to other thickets near temporary water sources, returning when it becomes dry. Dependent on water and sufficient shelter.
Usually solitary, now and then seen in pairs, small groups of females, females with their young or small bachelor herds. Stays in riverine forest during the winter when it has a smaller home range than in the wet season. Usually feeds at night or in the early morning and late afternoon. During the day, it rests in thickets. Has keen senses. The male is very brave and will attack even when wounded.
Mainly leaves. Also grass, branches, flowers and fruit.
Grumbles and a loud, hoarse bark as an alarm call.
A single young is born at any time throughout the year, after a gestation period of approximately 6 months.
The South African bushbuck has a lifespan of approximately 11 years.