CAPE HARTEBEEST

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 23” (58.42 cm)

Track:
3 7/8” (98 mm) x 2 5/8” (67 mm)

Average mass:
340 lb (155 kg)

Average shoulder height:
49” (124 cm)

Record:
29 ½” (74.93 cm)
80 ¼ points

Suggested calibers:
.270, any 7 mm or .30 cal.
Bow:
50 lb Compound with fixed broad head.

Distribution

Republic of South Africa, Botswana and Namibia

Identification

Shiny, reddish-brown colour. The tail, blaze on the face and the outside of the legs are black. Both the male and female have horns.

Differences between male and female:

The male is larger and the horns lager and thicker than the female’s.

Habitat

Found in semi-desert savanna. May occur in open woodland, but avoids dense woodland. Prefers open plains such as grass plains, floodplains, grass veld, vleis and the strips of grass around pans. Independent of water.

Habits

Gregarious. Herds of up to 20 animals are usually formed. Mass herds of thousands have been spotted in Botswana. Territorial males, harem herds, bachelor herds and solitary males occur. Harem herds are stable and consist of a territorial male as the leader, plus young males, females and their offspring. Active in the early morning and late afternoon; lie in the sun to rest except when it is very hot.

Food

Cape Hartebeest favours red grass. They also eat leaves. Drinks when water is available.

Vocalization

Sneezing-snorting sound as alarm.

Breeding

A single calf is born from October to December after a gestation period of approximately 8 months.

Age

The lifespan of the Cape hartebeest is approximately 13 years.