CARACAL (Felis caracal)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 7½” (19.05 cm)

Track:
2“ (51 mm) x 2” (51 mm)

Average mass:
37 lb (17 kg)

Average shoulder height:
18” (45 cm)

Record:
10½“ (26.67 cm)

Suggested calibers:
.270, 7 mm, .30 or .375 with solids and above
Bow:
50 lb compound with fixed broad head

Distribution

Widely distributed throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, but absent in tropical forest areas.

Identification

Slender with long legs. Overall colouration, varies from a pale fawn to dark red with a silvery hue. The ear tufts are mainly black and the tail is relatively short.

Differences between male and female:

The female is slightly lighter than the male.

Habitat

Found in fairly arid areas, but avoids thickets and riverine forests. Prefers more open woodland and plains as a result of its hunting methods. The presence of prey is important. Independent of water.

Habits

Mainly diurnal, most active at sunrise and sunset. Rests when it is warm in a place with a clear view. Usually seen in pairs or alone. Home ranges overlap and although males mark their areas with urine, not all of them demonstrate territorial behaviour. Very fast, relies on its speed to overtake and catch its prey.

Food

Birds, reptiles, small mammals, sheep and goats. Can even overwhelm medium-sized antelope.

Vocalization

High-pitched bird-like call.

Breeding

Average litter of three are born at any time throughout the year, after a gestation period of approximately 3 months. L Female has 5 – 6 pairs of breast and abdominal mammae.

Age

The Caracal’s lifespan is approximately 12 years.