GEMSBOK (Oryx gazelle gazelle)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 40” (101.60 cm)
SCI: 88 points

Track:
3 ¾“ (95 mm) x 2 ¾ “ (70 mm)

Average mass:
528lb (240kg)

Average shoulder height:
47” (120 cm)

Record:
49¼” (125.09 cm)
105 points

Suggested calibers:
.30 and above
Bow:
60 lb with fixed broad head

Distribution

The Republic of Southern Africa, Namibia and Botswana (Kalahari region).

Identification

Large antelope, both sexes having long, straight horns. The black face has distinctive white marks and the tail is long and black.

Differences between male and female:

The male is slightly heavier than the female and the horns are thicker and usually shorter.

Habitat

Associated with open, dry landscape. Prefers open grass veld in semi-desert areas and open, dry savanna. May even penetrate open woodland in search of new grazing areas. Int the Kalahari it prefers the sand dune midland with scattered plant cover and short, annual grass.

Habits

There are nursing and mixed herds, territorial and other solitary males. Territorial males are tolerant of other males and often accompany mixed herds. They mark their territories by horning and scratching the ground and defecating in a squatting position so that the dung lies in a heap to retain the smell longer.

Food

Grass, sometimes also tsammas, succulent rhizomes and tubers. Subsists without water for a long time, but drinks if available. Digs for water in sand at times.

Vocalization

Bellows like cattle.

Breeding

A single young is born at any time throughout the year, after a gestation period of approximately 9 months.

Age

The lifespan of Gemsbok is approximately 19 years.