SOUTHERN IMPALA (Aepyceros melampus melampus)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 23 5/8” (60.02 cm)
SCI: 54 points

Track:
2 3/8“ (60 mm) x 1 5/8“ (41 mm)

Average mass:
145 lb (65kg)

Average shoulder height:
36” (90 cm)

Record:
31 7/8” (80.97 cm)
67½ points

Suggested calibers:
.270, any 7 mm or .30 cal.
Bow:
50 lb Compound with fixed broad head.

Distribution

Republic of Southern Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique and Botswana.

Identification

An athletically built, medium-sized antelope. There are characteristic black bands on the tail and buttocks. Patches of black hair occur above the ankles.

Differences between male and female:

The male is larger and has horns.

Habitat

Open woodland with sufficient water – especially thorn – and Mopani veld. Also found in more dense woodland such as that along rivers and on the edge of woodland and grass veld or flood plains. Dependent on water.

Habits

Gregarious, usually form herds of up to 20 and even more than 100 in winter. Territorial males (only in mating season), bachelor herds and breeding herds can be distinguished. During the rest of the year territorial males join breeding or bachelor herds. Adult males establish territories during the mating season; they use communal dung heaps and scent-mark the grass and bushes with their pre-orbital glands. Mainly diurnal and rests in the shade during the hottest part of the day.

Food

Leaves and grass. Drinks water daily when available.

Vocalization

An alarm snort. Adult males make a roaring-rattling sound and snort, especially during the mating season.

Breeding

A single young is born between September to January after a gestation period of approximately 6 months.

Age

The lifespan of the Southern impala is approximately 12 years.