KLIPSPRINGER (Oreotragus Oreotragus)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 4 1/8” (10.49 cm)
SCI: 11 points

Track:
½“(13 mm) x 1” (25 mm)

Average mass:
33 lb (15 kg)

Average shoulder height:
21” (53 cm)

Record:
6 3/8” (16.20 cm)
16 1/8 points

Suggested calibers:
.270, 7 mm, .30 or .375 with solids
Bow:
50 lb compound with fixed broad head

Distribution

Klipspringers are found in the Republic of South Africa, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia, Zimbabwe, Eastern Botswana, Mozambique, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Sudan (central and southern), southern Chad, Gabon, CAR, Congo and Zaire.

Identification

Black speckles on brownish background provide good camouflage when in their rocky habitat. Large black ‘tear marks’ in the inner corners of the eyes.

Differences between male and female:

The female is heavier than the male and does not have horns.

Habitat

Associated with rocky areas, mountains with rocks bordering ravines, ridges with rocks and juts and rocky hills. Pairs and groups wander over long distances. Independent of water.

Habits

Mostly occur in pairs, occasionally in family groups or single. Males establish their territories by forming dung heaps and scent-marking them with pro-orbital glands. Grazes in the early morning and late afternoon, even after dark. Rests in the shade in its rocky habitat during the heat of the day. A very sure-footed rock climber. Closely confined to the rocky habitat. If disturbed while grazing on the surrounding flats, it immediately takes to rocky shelters.

Food

Mainly leaves, occasionally grass. Drinks water when available.

Vocalization

Alarm call: a loud, high-pitched explosion of air.

Breeding

A single young born at any time throughout the yea, after a gestation period of approximately 7 ½ months.

Age

The life span of the Klipspringer is approximately 7 years.