LEOPARD (Panthera pardus)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 15 3/8” (39.06 cm)
SCI: 14 points

Track:
4¼“ (108 mm) x 4¼” (108 mm)

Average mass:
180 lb (82 kg)

Average shoulder height:
28” (71 cm)

Record:
19“ (48.26 cm)
19 points

Suggested calibers:
.30 and above
Bow:
60 lb compound with fixed broad head

Distribution

Widespread throughout Africa.

Identification

Strongly built, with a long tail. Light golden-brown with black spots forming rosettes consisting of 4 – 6 spots arranged in a circle.

Differences between male and female:

The female is much smaller than the male.

Habitat

Very adaptable, occurring even in desert-like areas. Prefers stony hills, riverine forests, broken country, mountains and thickets. Prey and sufficient shelter such as rocks or bushes are essential. Independent of water.

Habits

Solitary, except during the mating season. Mainly nocturnal, but to a certain extent also diurnal in undisturbed areas. It marks its territory with urine and a male’s territory overlaps with those of some females.

An exceptionally good tree climber and is able to haul even large prey up a tree out of reach of scavengers. Has keen senses and is very cunning and dangerous.

Food

From mice, dassies and bush pig to small and medium-sized antelope and the calves of larger antelope. By exception big game such as kudu.

Vocalization

Most common is a hoarse cough. Growls, grumbles and purrs.

Breeding

Two to three (occasionally up to six) cubs are born at any time throughout the year, after a gestation period of approximately 3 months.

Age

The lifespan of the Leopard is approximately 20 years.