Sub-Saharan Africa, but greatly reduced in settled areas.
The lion is the largest cat in the region. Young animals have dark rosettes and spots, fading away on maturity. The male usually has a darker mane on is head, neck and shoulders.
The male is much larger than the female. The female lion has no mane.
Widespread in savanna and semi desert-like areas. Availability of especially medium-sized to large game is an important requirement. Also essential are shade for resting during the hottest time of the day. It also needs other shelter for stalking its prey. Independent of water.
The only cats that form prides, each with an average of 12 members. Single, nomadic lions are also seen. Mainly nocturnal, but also active during the day, especially at sunrise and sunset. Lions usually hunt in a group at night. A pride consists of one or more males, one of them dominant, a dominant female, other females and young lions. They occupy a territory, but do not necessarily wander together.
Anything from mice to buffalo and even young elephants. Prefer Blue Wildebeest, Zebra and Impala. In the arid Kalahari their main prey is Gemsbok.
Well-known roar, gradually getting shorter and softer.
One to four (occasionally up to six) cubs are born at any time throughout the year, after a gestation period of approximately 3 months.
The lifespan of the Lion is approximately 20 years