TYPICAL SABLE (Hippotragus niger niger)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 41 7/8” (106.37 cm)
SCI: 100 points

Track:
4½“ (114 mm) x 3“ (76 mm)

Average mass:
475 lb (250kg)

Average shoulder height:
55” (140 cm)

Record:
55 3/8” (140.65 cm)
121 points

Suggested calibers:
.30 and above
Bow:
60 lb with fixed broad head

Distribution

Angola, the Republic of Southern Africa, Namibia (Caprivi region), Botswana, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Zaire.

Identification

The colour of this large antelope varies from dark brown to black and has a white belly. The face is white with dark stripes and both sexes have scimitar-like horns.

Differences between male and female:

The female antelope is usually brown and slightly smaller than the male and the horns are thinner and shorter.

Habitat

Shelter and water are important requirements. These antelopes are seldom found further than 3 km from water. Prefers open woodland or woodland near vleis or grass veld with medium to tall grass, even in dense woodland on well-drained soil (where roan antelopes do not occur). Avoids dense savanna and areas with short grass.

Habits

Territorial males, nursing herds and bachelor herds are found. Territorial males defend their area with intimidating displays. Nursing herds with a dominant female as leader (sometimes more than one) move through the territories of males. Young males join bachelor herds and remain there until they are approximately 6 years old. Grazes in the early morning and late afternoon.

Food

Mainly grass, sometimes leaves at the end of a dry season. Drinks water regularly.

Vocalization

Snorts, bellows and sneezes.

Breeding

A single young is born during May to March after a gestation period of approximately 8 months.

Age

The lifespan of the Typical sable is approximately 17 years.