From the Northern and Mpumalanga Provinces of the Republic of South Africa, Northwards to Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique and South-Eastern Zaire.
This is a very large antelope. Both sexes have scimitar-like horns and unusually long ears. The face seems to have a black mask with white patches under the eyes and around the mouth.
The female is slightly smaller than the male and its horns are thinner.
Open savanna with large stretches of medium to tall grass and sufficient water. Very sensitive to any change in habitat, such as bush encroachment and over-utilization of grass. Tolerate scattered, short shrubs. This antelope avoids thickets, areas with short grass and woodland with a roof of foliage.
Bachelor herds, solitary males and breeding herds of between 5 and 25. A breeding herd with a dominant male and a female as leaders will leave their home range only if food and water become scarce. The male shows territorial behaviour, but merely defends his females and not a specific area. When a young male becomes an adult at the age of 5 to 6 years, it leaves the bachelor herd and goes solitary. Prefers grazing in the early morning and late afternoon.
Grass and sometimes leaves.
Something between a snort and a hissing sound.
A single young is born at any time throughout the year, after a gestation period of approximately 9 months.
The lifespan of the Southern roan antelope is approximately 19 years.