Angola, Burundi, Botswana, Kenya, the Republic of Southern Africa, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda, Eastern Zaire, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique.
Large, cattle-like animals. Greyish-black in colour, assumes the colour of the soil at times when it wallows in the mud. Both sexes have horns.
The male is usually darker and much heavier and has larger horns.
Enough edible grass, shade and water are important requirements. Preferential grass occurs in Mopani and thorn veld as well as in other types of woodland and open vleis. Avoids floodplains or grass veld that is far from the shade of trees.
Form herds which can number a few thousand. Split into smaller herds in summer, moving apart in search of good grazing, but when it becomes drier, return to areas with permanent water. Mixed and bachelor herds as well as solitary males can be distinguished. There is a definite hierarchy between males that is maintained by threate4ning behaviour.
The buffalo is an extremely dangerous animal to hunt. A wounded buffalo may circle back, wait for the hunter along its track and attack. Grazes when it is cool and rests in the shade during the hottest part of the day.
Grass, drinks water regularly – twice a day, early morning and late afternoon – if available.
Bellows like cattle or grunts when in a fight.
A single young is born in summer, after a gestation period of approximately 11 months.
The lifespan of the Southern buffalo is approximately 23 years.