In the Republic of South Africa, from the Western Cape north through Zimbabwe, Botswana, South-East Angola, Central Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia.
Small antelope with large ears. The insides of the ears are white with black stripes. The muzzle also has a distinctive black stripe on top.
Females are slightly heavier than the males and usually only the male has horns.
Open grass veld with patches of tall grass or scattered bushes for shelter. Can also be found in open woodland with bare patches and areas with fresh grass sprouting after a fire. Steenbok tend to avoid mountainous areas and grass plains with short grass.
Either single or in pairs. They establish territories that both the male and female defend by displays. There are preferential grazing and resting areas as well as latrines close to the borders of such an area which are scent-marked with the pre-orbital, pedal and throat glands. Grazes during the cooler hours of the day and rests in tall grass or beneath a bush when it is hot. Swift-footed, lies waiting until danger is almost upon it before jumping up and running away.
It favours young leaves, grass and especially herbs. They seldom need to drink water.
One young, occasionally two) born throughout the year, peaking during November and December after a gestation period of 6 months.
The lifespan of the Steenbok is approximately 6 years.