Tsessebe are found in Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, the Republic of South Africa, Zambia, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.
Dark, reddish-brown with a metallic sheen. The blaze on the face, buttocks, shoulder and upper legs are black. Both the male and female have horns.
The male is heavier than the female, while the horns are thicker.
Tsessebe prefer open areas on the edge of grass plains with woodland. Medium to tall tasty grass. Shade and water are important requirements. Makes temporary use of areas containing only seasonal water.
The Tsessebe is the fastest antelope in the region. Gregarious. Form herds of 2 – 30 while larger herds are also known. There are territorial males, breeding herds and bachelor herds. A territorial male regularly patrols its borders marking them with droppings and maneuvering the grass stems into its pre-orbital glands. Enjoys horning the ground.
During mating season, gathers a harem in his area, taking over the leadership and expelling the young males from the herd.
Grass. Regular water supplies are important.
After a gestation period of approximately 8 months, a single calf is born from September.
The lifespan for the Tsessebe is approximately 15 years.