WARTHOG (phacochoerus africanus)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 13” (33.02 cm)
SCI: 30 points

Track:
2“ (51 mm) x 1 ¾” (44 mm)

Average mass:
176 lb (80 kg)

Average shoulder height:
28” (70 cm)

Record:
24” (60.96 cm)
49 7/8 points

Suggested calibers:
.270, any 7 mm or .36 cal.
Bow:
50 lb Compound with fixed broad head

Distribution

Majority of Sub-Saharan Africa, except the dense forest regions.

Identification

Snout is broader than that of a domestic pig and long canine teeth curl over the snout. It lifts its tail vertically when it runs away.

Differences between male and female:

Only the male has two pairs of large facial warts. The male is appreciably larger and has longer canine teeth.

Habitat

Areas with short grass and mud pools. Prefers open woodland, grass plains (especially flood plains), vleis and open areas surrounding pans and water holes. Likes areas where new grass grows following a fire. Avoids dense thickets and forest areas.

Habits

Lives in family groups (male, female and her young), nursing groups (one or more females and their young) and temporary male groups, while solitary males are not uncommon. Diurnal and sleeps at night in old ant-bear holes that it enters backwards. Such holes also serve as a shelter against predators and bad weather. Home ranges overlap and become larger in dry seasons. Warthogs like to wallow in the mud.

Food

Grass, rhizomes and wild fruit. Drinks water regularly when available.

Vocalization

Growls, snorts and grunts. The male snaps its jaws as an overture to mating.

Breeding

One to eight young are born between September to December, after a gestation period of approximately 5 months.

Age

The lifespan of the Warthog is approximately 20 years.