Majority of Sub-Saharan Africa, except the dense forest regions.
Snout is broader than that of a domestic pig and long canine teeth curl over the snout. It lifts its tail vertically when it runs away.
Only the male has two pairs of large facial warts. The male is appreciably larger and has longer canine teeth.
Areas with short grass and mud pools. Prefers open woodland, grass plains (especially flood plains), vleis and open areas surrounding pans and water holes. Likes areas where new grass grows following a fire. Avoids dense thickets and forest areas.
Lives in family groups (male, female and her young), nursing groups (one or more females and their young) and temporary male groups, while solitary males are not uncommon. Diurnal and sleeps at night in old ant-bear holes that it enters backwards. Such holes also serve as a shelter against predators and bad weather. Home ranges overlap and become larger in dry seasons. Warthogs like to wallow in the mud.
Grass, rhizomes and wild fruit. Drinks water regularly when available.
Growls, snorts and grunts. The male snaps its jaws as an overture to mating.
One to eight young are born between September to December, after a gestation period of approximately 5 months.
The lifespan of the Warthog is approximately 20 years.