COMMON WATERBUCK (Kobus ellipsiprymnus)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 28“ (71.12cm)
SCI: 70 points

Track:
3” (76 mm) x 2 1/8“ (54 mm)

Average mass:
506 lb (230kg)

Average shoulder height:
50” (127 cm)

Record:
39¼ ” (99.69 cm)
17¼ points

Suggested calibers:
.30 and above
Bow:
60 lb with fixed broad head

Distribution

Botswana, South-Eastern Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, the Republic of South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania and Somalia.

Identification

Large, greyish-brown antelope with distinct white circle around the tail. The hair is coarse, shaggy and long.

Differences between male and female:

The male is larger than the female and has horns.

Habitat

A savanna species. They never roam far away from water, but normally avoid riverine forests. Found in woodland along rivers, dry floodplains and vleis or in reed-beds along marshes. These areas usually have good quality grass for grazing. This specie is very dependent on consistent water supplies as they drink water regularly.

Habits

Usually forms herds of between 6 -12, but even up to 30. There are territorial males, nursing herds and bachelor herds. Herds become larger in summer but divide in winter. Young males become fully grown at about five to six years and then try to establish a territory. Threatening displays defend territories. A subordinate lowers his head as a sign of submission.

Serious fights are very common. If a nursing herd passes across a male’s territory, the territorial male will try to round up the females.

Food

Mainly grass, but favours young leaves and fruit when available. Drinks water regularly.

Vocalization

Snorts and a soft ‘moo’ sound when the female calls her calf.

Breeding

One young – now and then two – born at any time throughout the year. Gestation period is approximately 9 months.

Age

The lifespan of the Common waterbuck is approximately 14 years.