SOUTHERN SQUARE-LIPPED (WHITE ) RHINOCEROS (Ceratotherium simum simum)

Minimum measurement:
Rowland Ward: 28” (71.12 cm)
SCI: 70 points

Track:
11“ (279 mm) x 9” (229 mm)

Average mass:
4 730 lb (2 150 kg)

Average shoulder height:
67” (170 cm)

Record:
62¼“ (158.11cm)
95 5/8 points

Suggested calibers:
.375 and above
Bow:
80 lb compound with fixed broad head

Distribution

Botswana, Zimbabwe and the republic of South Africa

Identification

A huge animal with an elongated head and two horns on the snout, the front horn longer than the back one. The mouth is square and wide.

Differences between male and female:

The cow is lighter than the bull.

Habitat

Grass plains with open marshes and enough water. Important requirements include areas with short grass, availability of water to drink as well as water to bathe in, thickets for shelter and fairly flat terrain.

Habits

Live in small groups consisting of a territorial bull, other bulls which are tolerated by him, cows and young ones. A territorial bull sprays urine and defecates in latrines along boundaries as a way of marking its territory. Only the territorial bull urinates by spraying through its hind legs, the others urinate normally. The territories of territorial bulls become larger in the dry season, while the home ranges of cows overlap.

Poor eyesight, but acute sense of hearing and smell. The calf usually walks in front of its mother.

Food

Grass, especially short grass. Drinks water when available.

Vocalization

Pants to keep contact. Blows, snorts, yells and growls.

Breeding

A single calf is born at any time throughout the year, after a gestation period of approximately 16 months.

Age

The lifespan of the Southern square-lipped (white) rhinoceros is approximately 45 years.